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Fake Civil Society: The Rise of Pro-Government NGOs in Nigeria-- Carnegie and Mr. Page Regret the Inclusion of NNNGO in Report.

Fake Civil Society: The Rise of Pro-Government NGOs in Nigeria– Carnegie and Mr. Page Regret the Inclusion of NNNGO in Report.

Lagos, Nigeria, 6 August 2021/ Nigeria Network of NGOs/


Carnegie Endowment for International Peace has apologised to the Nigeria Network of NGOs on the “mistaken inclusion of the name of the NNNGO in the Appendix of the recent Carnegie paper by Matthew Page”.


In an email, addressed to the Members, Board and Staff of the Nigeria Network of NGOs, Tom Carothers, Interim President at Carnegie wrote:


“We have read your letter carefully and carried out an internal review of the facts involved.  The Carnegie Endowment strives to meet the highest standards of excellence and accuracy in its research and publications.  Despite our best efforts, however, we sometimes fall short of that standardThis is the case here — it was a mistake for the Nigeria Network of NGOs to be included in the Appendix of the paper listing questionable NGOs. On behalf of the Endowment, and personally, I wish to express my sincere apology to you and your colleagues for this mistake.”


To correct this mistake, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace took the following steps as requested by the Nigeria Network of NGOs:


  • Released a statement of regret on the Carnegie website at https://bit.ly/3fA94Jq
  • Tweeted out this statement of regret to the full Carnegie global distribution list
  • Directly informed various relevant governmental and non-governmental institutions of the mistake
  • Deleted the name of the Nigeria Network of NGOs from the paper online (there were no printed versions that needed to be called back).
  • Added a correction to the paper specifically mentioning the error.
  • Correction sent out on Carnegie’s institutional Twitter account.
  • Ensured that Matthew Page acknowledged the error and make a statement on his personal Twitter account where he tweeted his apology to his full distribution list.
  • Ensured an apology letter was written by Mathew Page to the Network where full responsibility for the error was taken.


In addition, the letter noted Carnegie’s commitment to “further strengthen our publications review process to reduce the possibility of such factual errors occurring again. This will involve additional engagement of external reviewers and other enhanced review processes”.


While the Network was relieved to find its name off the list, it drew the attention of Carnegie to the fallibility of the list which could mean that other nonprofits included could also have been listed in error. Following this, the section listing the “360 Pro-Government NGOs” has now been deleted pending additional review by Carnegie.




On July 28, a recent Carnegie paper by Matthew T. Page listed the Nigeria Network of NGOs (NNNGO) as a “fake civil society and pro-government NGO”– https://bit.ly/3jsrHQH .  A letter asking for clarification and an apology was sent (and published online) to Carnegie by NNNGO on July 29 (https://nnngo.org/initial-response-to-carnegie-and-mr-t-page-on-fake-civil-society-report/ ). Following this, Carnegie responded via an email on 30 July apologizing and taking initial steps. On August 2nd, the NNNGO Board requested further action and on August 3, all steps were further agreed to by Carnegie and actions taken.


For further information:

Oyindamola Aramide




  • Ada Agina-Ude says:

    The above Statement and other steps taken by Carnegie is appropriate and commendable.
    Facts must never be compromised in journalism or academic research.

  • Dr. Luke Onyekakeyah says:

    Thanks for the clarification. I would, however, like to know more about NNNGOs. When and where was it formed. Who are the officials. Where is the office located. These info are necessary as I am hearing of this body for the first time.

  • Emmanuel Acha says:

    Right steps taken by both parties to correct the errors. As Nigeria is battling with the poor democratic governance, the civic space should be encouraged and not be shrink by local and international communities.


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